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THE THREE DOSHAS





Your constitution (dosha) is evaluated from three different aspects; physical type, physiological traits and psychological characteristics. Ayurvedic therapy is based on knowledge of your constitution – of your unique body-mind condition (prakriti) with which you are born. Ayurveda sees illness as a product of your lifestyle along with invasion by an outside force, and different constitutions depend on different approaches to maintain a healthy balance.

THE DOSHIC TYPES ARE:

  • VATA – kinetic energy or movement
  • PITTA – thermal energy/bio-chemical energy or heat
  • KAPHA – potential energy/bio-cohesive force or structure

PITTA

Pitta is composed of the elements Fire and Water. It governs digestion, absorption, assimilation, nutrition, metabolism, body temperature, skin coloration, luster of the eyes, intelligence, and understanding. Psychologically, Pitta arouses anger, hatred and jealousy. The small intestine, stomach, sweat glands, blood, fat, eyes, and skin are the seats of Pitta.

Here are some common characteristics of people who have a predominantly Pitta constitution

  • Medium physique, strong, well-built
  • Sharp mind, good concentration power
  • Orderly, focused
  • Assertive, self-confident and entrepreneurial at their best; aggressive, demanding, pushy when out of balance
  • Competitive, enjoy challenges
  • Passionate and romantic; sexually have more vigor and endurance than Vatas, but less than Kaphas
  • Strong digestion, strong appetite, get irritated if they have to miss or wait for a meal
  • Like to be in command
  • When under stress, become irritated and angry
  • Skin fair or reddish, often with freckles; sunburn easily
  • Hair usually fine and straight, tending towards blond or red, typically turn gray early and have tendency toward baldness or thinning hair
  • Uncomfortable in sun or hot weather; heat makes them very tired
  • Perspire a lot
  • Others may find them stubborn, pushy, opinionated
  • Good public speakers; also capable of sharp, sarcastic, cutting speech
  • Generally good management and leadership ability, but can become bossy
  • Like to spend money, surround themselves with beautiful objects
  • Subject to temper tantrums, impatience and anger
  • Typical physical problems include rashes or inflammations of the skin, acne, boils, skin cancer, ulcers, heartburn, acidic stomach, hot sensations in the stomach or intestines, insomnia, bloodshot or burning eyes and other problems with vision, anemia, jaundice
KAPHA

Kapha is composed of the elements of Water and Earth. It cements the elements in the body, providing the material for physical structure and maintaining body resistance. Water is the main constituent of Kapha, and this bodily water is responsible physiologically for biological strength and natural tissue resistance. Kapha lubricates the joints and provides moisture to the skin, helps to heal wounds, fills the spaces in the body, gives biological strength, vigor and stability, supports memory retention, gives energy to the heart and lungs, and maintains immunity. Kapha is present in the chest, throat, head, sinuses, nose, mouth, stomach, joints, cytoplasm, plasma, and in the liquid secretions of the body such as mucus. Psychologically, Kapha is responsible for the emotions of attachment, greed, and long-standing envy. It is also expressed in tendencies toward calmness, forgiveness and love. The chest is the seat of Kapha.

Here are some common characteristics of people who have a predominantly Kapha constitution

  • Easygoing, relaxed, slow-paced
  • Affectionate and loving
  • Forgiving, compassionate, nonjudgmental, stable, reliable, faithful
  • Physically strong, with a sturdy, heavier build
  • Have the most energy of all constitutions, but are steady and enduring, not explosive
  • Slow-moving and graceful
  • Slow speech, reflecting a deliberate thought process
  • Slower to learn, but never forget, outstanding long-term memory
  • Soft hair and skin, tendency to have large “soft” eyes and low, soft voice
  • Tendency towards being overweight, may also suffer from sluggish digestion
  • Prone to heavy, oppressive depressions
  • More self-sufficient, need less outward stimulation than other types
  • A mild, gentle, and essentially undemanding approach to life
  • Sexually Kaphas are the slowest to be aroused, but also have the most endurance
  • Excellent health, strong resistance to disease
  • Not easily angered, strive to maintain harmony and peace in their surroundings
  • Not easily upset and can be a point of stability for others
  • Tend to be possessive and hold on to things, people, money. Good savers.
  • Do not like cold, damp weather